Effects of Ethanol Treatment on Storage Quality and Antioxidant System of Postharvest Papaya

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作者: Zhichao Liu, Fan Jiang, Yiming Mo, H. Liao, Ping Chen, Hongna Zhang
刊名: Frontiers in Plant Science
出版年: 2022-06-14
摘要: Papaya is the fourth most favored tropical fruit in the global market; it has rich nutrition and can be used for medicine and food processing. However, it will soften and mature in a short time after harvest, resulting in a lot of economic losses. In this study, papaya fruits were soaked in 0, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 ml/L ethanol solutions for 2 h and stored at 25°C for 14 days, by which we explored the effects of ethanol treatment in papaya after harvest. At an optimal concentration of ethanol treatment, color changing of the papaya fruits was delayed for 6 days, and decay incidence and average firmness of the fruits were shown as 20% and 27.7 N, respectively. Moreover, the effect of ethanol treatment on antioxidant systems in the papaya fruits was explored. It was observed that ethanol treatment contributed to diminish the development of malondialdehyde (MDA), ethylene, and superoxide anions. Furthermore, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) were promoted than those of control group, while the activities of peroxidase (POD), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) were brought down. In addition, the principal component analysis (PCA) showed that PAL, ethylene, and superoxide anions were the main contributors for the maturity and senescence of postharvest papaya. In this experiment, ethanol treatment had the potential of delaying the ripening and maintaining the storage quality of papaya fruits.
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