20 4 月
ASSESSMENT of PAPAYA POSTHARVEST LOSS at WHOLESALER and RETAILER LEVELS in JIMMA TOWN, SOUTH WESTERN ETHIOPIA
|作者： D. Lemma, H. G. Megersa, Dejene Tadesse Banjaw
|摘要： Due to its perishable nature, papaya has a high post-harvest loss and limited shelf life. Assessment of papaya postharvest loss was conducted in Jimma town at wholesalers and retailers’ levels using semi-structured questioners followed by an interview and personal observation in 2017. Eighty-one respondents were participated in this survey. The majority of the people participated in papaya selling activities at the retailer were women whereas, men dominated in papaya wholesalers’ market. The major source of papaya for Jimma town market was from Dedo woreda (34.57%). All of the wholesalers (100%) transported papaya fruits by truck and also, some retailers (35.29) use trucks to transport the fruits from nearby Woredas. The main cause of papaya fruit losses at Jimma town was fruit softening, rotting, wounding, and compact due to inappropriate transporting, storage condition, and lack of appropriate marketing place. The papaya post-harvest losses at wholesalers’ level were 21.75% which was 12.5% and 9.25% during transporting and storage respectively. There were about 15.6% of losses at retailers’ level. In general, about 37.35% of papaya fruit was lost in Jimma town only at the two marketing channels. To fulfill the demand and to minimize the loss of papaya fruit, training, and marketing facilities should be facilitated.