農業生產自動化(第1年/全程4年)

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單位商業會員附件下載:
計畫名稱: 農業生產自動化(第1年/全程4年)
計畫主持人: 陳世銘
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 94農科-6.1.2-糧-Z1(z)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 國立臺灣大學
全程計畫年: 2005
關鍵字:
摘要: 有關花卉生產自動化方面,進行之工作重點包括花卉設施生產環控肥灌自動化、建立生產歷程、蝴蝶蘭病毒快速檢測技術。有關水果品質之檢測分級方面包括:以近紅外光及影像檢測技術之水果線上系統整合及性能將進一步強化,而愛文芒果和蓮霧之品質分級標準亦將建立。利用脈衝激振檢測鳳梨內部品質自動分級系統將進一步研發。楊桃重量選別及採後處理作業自動化將加以研發。芒果收穫後品質追蹤履歷系統將進行探討及系統設計,以確保水果品質之可追蹤性。並將進行蔬果運銷過程之狀況模擬分析與品質即時監測系統之研發。有關種苗生產自動化方面,包括:將以設施栽培生產自動化為應用目的,建構精準管理及環境監控系統,並進行設施栽培生產履歷之建立,以生產安全、精緻化及高值化之農產品。開發以套管嫁接方式之模組化嫁接作業系統,以廣泛適用於各種瓜果作物,藉此達到蔬果類嫁接苗生產自動化之目的。蔬菜種苗自動移植體系將加以建立。菇類生產自動化體系之研究目標為降低菇類之生產成本,穩定生產產量,協助藥用菇類之量產。高壓殺除穀物蟲害之實驗設備將進一步改良。Regarding automation for floriculture production, the major items include automation of environmental control and irrigation operations, establishment of and technique extension, and development of virus fast detection method for Phalaenopsis. Regarding automation of fruit grading and quality inspection, the main items include: The performance of integrated system of the on-line fruit grader using NIR and image technology will be further enhanced and improved, and grading criteria for internal and external quality for mango and wax apple fruits will be developed. An automatic sorter to detect internal quality of pineapple using impulse citation will be continued to develop. An automatic post-harvest processing system for star fruit based on fruit weight will be developed. A quality tracing and logging system for post-harvested mango fruits will be investigated and designed to ensure the quality of mangos and traceability. Fruit and vegetable quality monitoring and condition simulation systems during marketing processes will also be studied. Regarding automation of seedling production, there are: The precision cultivation and environmental control systems will be developed to facilitate automatic management operations for greenhouse production. Production traceability system will also be developed to ensure food security and quality. An automatic tubing-grafting robotic system will be developed for a variety of fruit-bearing vegetable seedlings including watermelon, tomato, sweet melon, cucumber, and biter melon seedlings. The developed robotic system features a modular and multi-functional design. An automation system for vegetable seedling transplanting will also be established. Mushroom automation production systems will be established to reduce the production cost, stabilize the quality, and enhance the mass production of medicinal mushrooms. The efficient prototype apparatus of grain insect pests' elimination by using high air pressure chamber method will be improved.
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