蔬菜育種、生產及採收處理之技術研發─取代太空包鋸木屑介質之杏鮑菇栽培模式及菇類保鮮處理技術改進

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計畫名稱: 蔬菜育種、生產及採收處理之技術研發─取代太空包鋸木屑介質之杏鮑菇栽培模式及菇類保鮮處理技術改進
計畫主持人: 宋妤
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 102農科-9.2.2-糧-Z2(Z)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 國立中興大學
全程計畫年: 2013
關鍵字: 硝酸鹽;葉菜類蔬菜;光環境;光強度;有機質肥料;有機氮化合物;胺基酸;有機質肥料;葉菜類;營養元素;土壤物化性;番椒;恢復系;細胞質雄不稔;炭疽病;甜椒;辣椒;草莓;中日照;雜交;走莖;育種;設施栽培;迷你種薯;無病毒種薯;霧耕;花椰菜;高溫;淹水;草莓設施生產;穴盤;植株生育;頂燒;紅肋;鏽斑;褐斑;成熟度;玉米穗軸;木屑;杏鮑菇;蔗渣;竹;園藝作物殘質;栽培廢料;液體菌種;固體菌種nitrate content;leafy vegetables;light environments;Luminous intensity;organic fertilizer;nitrogenous compound;amino acid;organic fertilizer;leafy vegetable;nutrient element;soil physic and chemical property;Capsicum annuum L.;Restorer;Cytoplasm Male Sterile(CMS);Anthracnose;Sweet Pepper;Hot Pepper;strawberry;neural day period;cross;runner;breeding;greenhouse;minitubers;virus free tubers;aeroponics;cauliflower;high temperature;flooding;Strawberry facility production;plug tray;plant vigor;Tip burn ;Pink rib;Russet spotting;Brown stain;Maturity;Corn cob;sawdust;sugarcane bagassePleurotus eryngii ;sugarcane bagasse;Bamboo;Lignocellulose rich waste materials;Liquid spawn;Solid spawn
摘要: (五)、取代太空包鋸木屑介質之杏鮑菇栽培模式及菇類保鮮處理技術改進 1.最適替代介質商業栽培模式建立。 2.新鮮香菇採後保鮮處理技術改進。 (9)、Study on Mushroom Cultivation by Using Alternative Substrate and Post-harvest Technology of Mushrooms. Corn cob crushes and sugarcane were used as a new substrate in order to instead of sawdust for growing medium in the study. Six growing medium were combined by sawdust and Corn cob crushes , sugarcane bagasse for growing Pleurotus eryngii . But the suitability and posasibility of Corn cob crushes and sugarcane bagasse for Pleurotus eryngii growing could be evaluated by growth of mycelium , yield and quality of Pleurotus eryngii .the target of the study were to solve the shortage of the sawdust and improve the profit of mushroom growers. There are lignocelluloses-rich wastes are unused in Taiwan. Most of studies about mushroom have been directed towards finding alternative substrates, and they include: sawdust from different tree, species, sugarcane bagasse,straw, grass.The aim of the present study is that evaluate some abundant lignocellosic such as banan, india jujube,and bamboo wastes in Taiwan for king oyster cultivation and increased the quality and yield. The other research objetive is to establishe the optimal preseravtion technology of fresh edible mushroom and decrease postharvest loss.A previous study has proved that the spent substrate of Pleurotus eryngii used for cultivation of the same mushroom by simply water content adjust to 65% RH, filling into plastic bags, sterilized, cooling and inoculation, the result indicated it is no significantly different with those of routine farmers’ process but only reducing yield ca. 60g fresh fruiting body per bag. The investigation showed the potentiality of spent substrate reused once for the wood-decayed mushroom cultivation. However, the study needs to design and experiment detail conditions for enhancing the yield compared with the current process of the growers.
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