研發果園省工、低成本輔助機械

字體大小:A- A A+

單位商業會員附件下載:
計畫名稱: 研發果園省工、低成本輔助機械
計畫主持人: 謝鴻業
共同計畫主持人: 邱相文;李健;陳思如;潘光月;黃政龍;楊智凱;黃國祥;鍾佳諺
計畫編號: 107農科-7.3.3-子-C1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會農業試驗所鳳山熱帶園藝試驗分所
全程計畫年: 2018
關鍵字: 番荔枝;鳳梨釋迦;機器;總可溶性固形物含量;機械化;性能測定;切片;批次;粉介殼蟲;近紅外光譜;農機;清除機械;性能規範;削皮;品質管理;果實;搬運;sugar apple;atemoya;Machine;Total soluble solids content;mechanize;Performance Test;Slicing;batch processing;mealybugs;Infra red light spectrum;Agricultural Machinery;clean machine;Performance specifications;peeling;Quality management;Fruit;transport
摘要: 新型農機研究與性能測定 廠商研發之新型農機具必先通過測試基準檢驗,較能為農民選購使用 。本年度計畫目標為進行新型農業機械性能之研究,配合廠商向行政院農業委員會申請農業發展基金農機貸款及農民選購性能優良農業機械之參考,並提供性能測定報告供相關單位參考及查證使用。 本計畫預期達成提升我國之農業機械工業水準及產品進軍國際之競爭力,強化 國內農機產品性能品質標準,規劃進行各式新型農業機械性能之研究開發;另並配合廠商向行政院農業委員會申請農業發展基金農機貸款及農民選購性能優良農業機械之參考,進行新型農機性能測定業務並提供性能測定報告供相關單位參考及查證使用。出版新型農機性能研究與測定報告供查閱,可確實提供農委會在推行國 產農機補助政策上之參考依據及農民購置、使用新型農機之參考 ,進而提昇國產新型農機之作業性能、產品品質及安全標準。 開發批次式果類削皮機 首先針對熟芒果為目標進行開發,研發出一個未來能針對橢球狀或圓球狀的果類,的批次式削皮機械架構。 批次式削皮機能夠在一次人工同時置放多顆於夾座後,自動移動至削皮區插立後多顆同時削皮處理。 每一單顆的削皮由其專屬的削皮模組來處理,每個削皮模組的驅動皆來自同一個並聯動力源,並且設計上可針對使用業者需求進行模組數量的擴充。削皮模組能針對單顆各別形狀差異自動適形調整。以自動化機械解決臺灣果類削皮產業缺工問題,並預計可節省人力5倍。 應用於高屏地區果園及園產品之省工機械研發 果品製成果乾時常有將果品切片之需求,針對較小型之果品加工業者,購置大型機械不符成本效益,惟若以人工方式進行切片則相當耗費人力。因此本計畫擬開發簡易型果品加工切片機械,期幫助果樹及果品加工產業發展,並協助平衡果實產銷供需狀況。 蓮霧果實品質早期預測指標及非破壞性品質檢測技術之應用 蓮霧為臺灣重要水果,為輔助精品蓮霧採後分級,本研究使用可攜式裝置以近紅外光檢測原理自建蓮霧果實總可溶性固形物含量非破壞性檢測模式,探討單果測量1個測點、2個測點或3個測點之平均值與全果榨汁之可溶性固形物含量之準確度,已建立適當之應用方法。另外,將本檢測模式應用於不同產地產期之嘉義秋果蓮霧果實,評估其準確度,並利用秋果蓮霧果實擴增參考值,建立新模式,探討新、舊模式應用於秋果蓮霧總可溶性固形物含量測量之準確度差異。 鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲清除機械及果園電動搬運車試驗研究 本計畫主要針對臺東地區特色作物番荔枝,依需求試驗研究各項機械,開發適用於番荔枝栽培環境之電動履帶搬運機械或特殊具有低重心高越野能力之電動搬運車,減少人力搬運成本及機械搬運損傷。開發線上型鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲清除機械,以一貫化、自動化作業方式,清除果實殘留之粉介殼蟲,提高作業效率,降低人力需求,減少外銷鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲之檢出,提升鳳梨釋迦品質,提昇鳯梨釋迦品質及國際競爭力,以擴大鳳梨釋迦產業及增加收益。A Study on New Agricultural Machinery and Performance The project is to inspect and test both the local made and the imported agricultural machineries and equipments to check if they meet the national standards or other provisional standards. Loans or subsidies will be offered for the machines met the standards. This will also promote the quality and skills of the local agricultural machinery manufacturers. The electronic files of the reports were also available on TARI website for public reference. Study on the Fruit Peeler Machine of Batch Processing The project focus on developing the batch-mode peeling machine for matured mango of ellipsoidal or spherical shapes. Each individual peeling is handled by its own peeling module, each driven by the same parallel power source, and designed to be expandable on the number of modules for the needs of the customers. The peeling module can be adjusted automatically for each individual shape difference of fruit. This machinery is expected to solve the problem of lack of labor in Taiwan fruit peeling industry, and to save the manpower of more than five times. Research and Development of Agricultural Machines Applied in Orchards and Horticultural Products in Kaohsiung and Pingtung This project attempts to develop a fruit slicing machine which food processing industry needed. This project develops this machine in order to grow up the industrial value of preserved fruit and maintain a balance between supply and demand of fruit in Taiwan. Application of a Fruit Quality Early Prediction Index and a Nondestructive Quality Measurement Technique for Wax Apple Wax apple is an important fruit crop in Taiwan. To assist fruit postharvest grading, establish a model for measuring wax apple fruit total soluble solid content (TSSC) using a non-destructive product quality meter by near infrared spectral analysis theory. The accuracy of the non-destructive measuring value from single point or the average of two or three points of one fruit was investigated to establish a suitable use method. On the other hand, the accuracy of this measuring model was tested on autumn harvest wax apple fruit cultivated in Chiayi. Then, use the autumn harvest wax apple fruit cultivated in Chiayi to expanding the reference and establishing a new model, and investigate the difference of accuracy of the new and old model. The study of mealybugs clean machine for atemoya and electric transport machine for orchard This study will improve the machine function for sugar apple in Taitung. To develop the electric fruit moving machie for sugar apple cultivation environment to reduce the transport costs and mechanical damage. To design the line type mealybugs cleaning machine for atemoya, it will be more consistently, automated operation mode, clear the mealybugs powerfully, more efficiency but less labor. We hope it can work conveniently and solve the mealybugs quarantine issue.
資源連結: 前往查看