有機肥培與病蟲草害之友善環境資材、製劑研發與生態環境營造技術之建立

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計畫名稱: 有機肥培與病蟲草害之友善環境資材、製劑研發與生態環境營造技術之建立
計畫主持人: 蘇彥碩
共同計畫主持人: 王誌偉;林鳳琪;呂柏寬;林素禎;許北辰;林駿奇;高鐘昆霖;董耀仁;劉意婕
計畫編號: 110農科-4.3.2-子-T1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會茶業改良場文山分場
全程計畫年: 2021
關鍵字: 微生物製劑;非化學農藥植物保護資材;有機;綜合防治;天敵;microbial control agents;non-chemical pesticide plant protection materials;organic;integrated pest management;natural enemies
摘要: 有機農業防治技術對一般農友較陌生,從慣行轉作有機耕作技術上有些困難,田間資材開發應用與生態環境及資材的整合性應用較少,且隨著氣候變遷及環境變化,田間栽培及病蟲害管理也遇到了許多問題,急需解決,例如草蛉飼養系統中,飼料的可供食用的期限僅約3天,常因人為判斷失誤導致草蛉相食造成損失、草蛉的施用與資材的共同使用無綜合性的研究、茶樹赤葉枯病、洛神葵萎凋病、小米露菌病的微生物製劑選擇較少、番茄及韭菜病害可使用的有機可用防治資材少,且現行的防治資材已有抗藥性的狀況出現、茶行間的雜草人工除草成本高且耗時、柑橘、鳳梨及芒果需整合性的防治技術等。本計畫擬就抗病害之微生物製劑、天敵生產及應用模式、生態環境調查及資材的整合性應用進行研究,提供農友使用,提高病蟲草害防治效率及產量產值。Organic agriculture prevention and control technology is relatively unfamiliar to ordinary farmers, and it is difficult to switch from habitual farming to organic farming. The development and application of field materials and the integrated application of ecological environment and materials are less, and with climate and environmental changes, field cultivation and The management of diseases and insect pests has also encountered many problems, which need to be solved urgently. For example, in the lacewing breeding system, the edible period of feed is only about 3 days. Often due to human judgment errors, the lacewing can eat and cause losses, and the application of lacewings and materials Common use of non-comprehensive research, tea tree red leaf blight, Roselle wilt, and millet wilt disease. There are fewer choices of microbial preparations, tomato and leek diseases can be used with few organic control materials, and the current control materials are already available The emergence of drug resistance, the high cost and time-consuming manual weeding of weeds in tea rows, and the need for integrated control techniques for citrus, pineapple and mango. This project intends to conduct research on disease-resistant microbial preparations, natural enemies production and application models, ecological environment investigations and integrated application of materials, to provide farmers with use, and to improve the efficiency of disease, insect and weed control and output value.
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