不間斷冷鏈物流全程監控機制之研究

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論文名稱: 不間斷冷鏈物流全程監控機制之研究
研究生姓名: 羅碩鋐
指導教授姓名: 黃昌宏
出版年: 2021
學校名稱: 中華科技大學
系所名稱: 航空運輸研究所在職專班
關鍵字: 冷鏈物流;風險管控;Cold Chain Logistics;Risk Management
摘要: 冷鏈物流最先考量的目的如何達成貨物品質保證,最終在冷藏及冷凍貨物到消費者手中之前從採收、生產、倉儲、裝卸、運輸、銷售及配送等環節中均須保持在產品適合儲存的低溫作業環境,冷鏈運送商品的過程中可能因為一些因素(如人員作業及車輛故障等)未符預期溫度,雖然消者收到的商品仍維持原狀態,但難保運送過程中是否遭遇反覆溫度急遽變化,而無法得知。 本研究主要動機為2021年2月26日中國臨時宣布3月1日禁止台灣鳳梨進口,臨時轉至新加坡卻發生『內部褐化(黑心)』事件,因此探討冷鏈物流不間斷監控全程,如何做到以確保產品品質及釐清若產品變質時之責任。本研究採文獻回顧法及風險辨識、管控,從實務面向評估,以金鑽鳳梨為例,以期提出對冷鏈物流不間斷監控機制提出建議,並提供政府及業界參考。The first consideration of cold chain logistics is how to achieve the quality assurance of the goods to the consumers with the products must be kept suitable for storage at the appropriate temperature during the harvesting, production, warehousing, loading and unloading, transportation, sales, and distribution. The cold chain transportation of goods may not meet the expected temperature due to certain factors (such as personnel operations and vehicle failures, etc.). Although the goods received by the consumer may still in their original state, however, it is difficult to guarantee and aware whether there is ever suffering repetition temperature variation during the transportation process. This study is mainly motivated by China’s provisional announcement that Taiwan’s pineapple imports will stop imported practically on March 1, 2021, and the “internal browning (black heart)” incident occurred when exported suddenly transferred to Singapore. Therefore, it explores how to continuously monitor the entire cold chain to ensure Product quality and clarify responsibilities if the product deteriorates. This study adopts the literature review method and risk identification, management, and control, from the practical aspect of evaluation, taking the golden pineapple as an example, proposing suggestions on the cold chain monitoring mechanism, and providing government and industry references.
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