高屏地區重要熱帶水果併櫃貯運技術之研究

字體大小:A- A A+

單位商業會員附件下載:
計畫名稱: 高屏地區重要熱帶水果併櫃貯運技術之研究
計畫主持人: 柯立祥
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 94農科-1.3.2-糧-Z1(20)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 國立屏東科技大學
全程計畫年: 2005
關鍵字: 熱帶水果;混裝;寒害;貯運共容性;熱帶水果;混裝;寒害;貯運共容性;Tropical Fruit;Mixed Load;Chilling Injury;Transit and Storage Compatibility
摘要: 先後追蹤三次併櫃水果外銷加拿大之溫度及到貨品質。第一、二次(4月11日.18日)併櫃產品包括番石榴、楊桃、枇杷、金針菇。貨櫃內之排列方式最前端為番石榴,中間為蓮霧及枇杷,最後端為楊桃及金針菇。貨櫃設定溫度為2℃,實際紙箱溫度為2.89℃(第一次)及2.03℃(第二次)。到貨品質,蓮霧明顯產生寒害,品質嚴重裂變,甚至產生異味。第3次(4月19日),以鳳梨為主,置於貨櫃前端,後段為蓮霧,最後一層再堆放一層鳳梨保護之,貨櫃設定溫度為10℃,蓮霧實際溫度為7.03℃,鳳梨為7.8℃。蓮霧品質明顯優於前二次之到貨品質,但仍有寒害問題,顯示此一溫度仍不適蓮霧貯運,宜再提高。經實際以貨櫃在屏科大模擬船運,溫度設定為10℃,經21天,果實寒害及腐爛嚴重。 Tracing the qualities of exporting fruits to Canada has been accomplished three times. The first and second times were performed on April 11 and April 18, 2004 that include guava, carambola, loquat, waxapple and golden mushroom. The loading pattern of the fruits transported in mechanical refrigerated container was guava in the front; waxapple and loquat in the middle; and carambola and golden mushroom at the end. The temperature of container was 2oC but the actual temperatures in the fiberboard box containing fruits was 2.89oC for the first times and 2.03oC for the second times. The qualities of fruits on arrival were as follows: waxapple had apparent chilling injury, the quality seriously deteriorated, and evenly off-flavor produced. On the April 19, when it was the third time tracing, the temperature was set at 10oC and pineapple in the front and waxapple in the middle and pineapple at the end of container. The actual temperatures for waxapple was 7.03oC, pineapple was 7.8oC. The quality of waxapple was better compared to the previous two tracings but still damaged by too low temperature, suggesting this temperature is not suitable for the storage and transportation of waxapple fruits.In a simulated regriqerated contuiner shipping trial of waxapple fruits at NPUST,and the temperatures of container was set at 10℃,the waxapple fruits had severely chilling injury and decay for aldays shipping peried.
資源連結: 前往查看