關鍵字： 熱帶水果；混裝；寒害；貯運共容性；Tropical Fruit；Mixed Load；Chilling Injury；Transit and Storage Compatibility
摘要： 先後追蹤三次併櫃水果外銷加拿大之溫度及到貨品質。第一、二次(4月11.18日)併櫃產品包括番石榴、楊桃、枇杷、蓮霧及金針菇。貨櫃內之排列方式最前端為番石榴，中間為蓮霧及枇杷，最後段為楊桃及金針菇。貨櫃設定溫度為2 ℃，實際紙箱內溫度為2.89 ℃(第一次)及2.03 ℃(第二次)。到貨品質，蓮霧明顯產生寒害，品質嚴重劣變，甚至產生異味。第三次(4月19日)，以鳳梨為主，置於貨櫃前端，後段為蓮霧，最後一層再堆放一層鳳梨保護之，貨櫃設定溫度為10 ℃，蓮霧實際溫度為7.03 ℃，鳳梨為7.8 ℃。蓮霧品質明顯優於前二次之到貨品質，但仍有寒害問題，顯示此一溫度仍不適蓮霧貯運，宜再提高。 Tracing the qualities of exporting fruits to Canada has been accomplished three times. The first and second times were performed on April 11 and April 18, 2004 that include guava, carambola, loquat, waxapple and golden mushroom. The loading pattern of the fruits transported in mechanical refrigerated container was guava in the front; waxapple and loquat in the middle; and carambola and golden mushroom at the end. The temperature of container was 2 ℃ but the actual temperatures in the fiberboard box containing fruits was 2.89 ℃ for the first times and 2.03 ℃ for the second times. The qualities of fruits on arrival were as follows: waxapple had apparent chilling injury, the quality seriously deteriorated, and evenly off-flavor produced. On the April 19, when it was the third time tracing, the temperature was set at 10 ℃ and pineapple in the front and waxapple in the middle and pineapple at the end of container. The actual temperatures for waxapple was 7.03 ℃, pineapple was 7.8 ℃. The quality of waxapple was better compared to the previous two tracings but still damaged by too low temperature, suggesting this temperature is not suitable for the storage and transportation of waxapple fruits.