摘要： 芒果、木瓜、蓮霧、番石榴、荔枝、鳳梨釋迦、印度棗及葡萄為台灣水果中具有外銷潛力之水果；近年來，在開拓市場時，在出口值方面有呈負成長或停滯現象，其原因不外到貨品質不佳及供貨不穩，因此希望透過產期調節技術及關鍵貯運技術的開發，進而穩定及延長外銷水果供應期、提升水果到貨品質及延長櫥架壽命。而諸多問題及待開發技術中，以下列五項為首要工作：一、以產期調節技術延長芒果及鳳梨釋迦外銷供應期。二、改善葡萄冷藏後果梗褐變問題。三、改善荔枝檢疫及貯運保鮮之技術。四、蓮霧、木瓜、鳳梨釋迦及印度棗長期運輸技術之開發。五、提升番石榴夏果品質。本計畫即針對上述五項工作進行試驗及開發。 In Taiwan fruits, mango, papaya, wax apple, guava, litchi, atemoya, Indian jujube and table grape are becoming more important and potential items in exporting to foreign country, for example, Japan, Canada, mainland China and America. For some time past, the exporting value of those fruits was no growth or on the decrease because of the poor quality after transportation and unstable supply. In order to stabilize and prolong the supply period for exporting, improve quality during transportation and increase the shelf-life in market, we hope to improve and use forcing culture technology and to develop the key technique of postharvest handling. After evaluating the problem and probable technology, the following goals are very important, however: 1.To prolong the supply period of mango and atemoya for exporting. 2.To reduce the browning of table grape peel after cold treatment for quarantine. 3.To improve the techologies of quarantine and storage. 4.To develop the handling processes for long distance and time(by sea) transportation of wax apple, papaya, atemoya and Indian jujube. 5.To improve the quality of guava fruit during summer. The objectives of this study are to research and examine the problem or goals as above.