農特精品導入良好農業規範提升產銷鏈結關鍵技術

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計畫名稱: 農特精品導入良好農業規範提升產銷鏈結關鍵技術
計畫主持人: 王仁晃
共同計畫主持人: 黃蘊慈;張為斌;劉碧鵑;朱雅玲;陳正恩;李柔誼;江一蘆;周國隆;李雪如;官青杉;林妤姍;林儒宏;陳以錚;黃慶文;吳庭嘉;李文豪;陳盟松;楊美珠;張栢滄;林筑蘋;陳俊良;黃莉欣;黃祥益;邱國棟;徐敏記;王裕權;李俊毅
計畫編號: 110農科-4.2.8-子-K1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會高雄區農業改良場作物改良課
全程計畫年: 2021
關鍵字: 除草劑;全球良好農作規範;育成中心;全球良好農業規範;茶;香蕉;國際化;害蟲族群監測;農藥殘留容許量;外銷;紅龍果;性費洛蒙;全球良好農業規範;木瓜;全球良好農業規範;芒果;產業鏈結;全球優良農業操作;有害生物監測技術;綠色農業;有害微生物控管;農糧產業;生產關鍵技術;農企業;採前處理;永續經營;全球良好農業規範;外銷;驗證;採後處理;生物肥料;採購;示範農場;灌溉;外銷市場;全球良好農業規範;矮性菜豆;採收;有害生物整合管理;良好農業規範;全球良好農業規範;良好農業規範;臺灣茶分類分級系統;紅龍果;Herbicide;Global Good Agricultural Practices;incubation center;GLOBALG.A.P.;tea;banana;Internationalization;Pest population monitoring;maximum residue limits;export;pitaya;pheromones;Global GAP;papaya;Global Good Agriculture Practice;mango;Production and
摘要: 細部計畫0:農糧產業良好農業規範導入產銷鏈結之營運輔導 本計畫將以我國具外銷潛力之農糧重點品項生產場域為輔導對象,該農糧重點品項包括芒果、荔枝、鳳梨、木瓜、紅龍果、茶葉、外銷蔬菜等,計畫中將以協助場域進行(1) 市場及通路需求分析:針對標的農糧品項進行消費者及通路端市場調研,以及通路的採購需求分析,提供綜合分析建議;(2) 關鍵技術導入:依據市場及通路採購需求,提供關鍵技術補強建議,同時配合良好農業規範的標準,導入適合之農業科技研發成果;(3) 場域營運輔導:協助場域與通路/採購端之間建立合作模式,並建立符合通路採購標準的生產模式,提供市場端所需之供貨品質,強化產銷結構,提升取得良好農業規範之價值。計畫全程預計輔導場域共4家,將協助場域進行市場及通路需求之調研,提供「市場需求及通路採購標準分析」報告共4式;並依市場及通路需求,提供技術盤點與關鍵技術導入建議共4式,同時協助營運規劃建議與輔導,預期促成投資達新台幣1,500萬元,最終促成場域與通路端合作的成功案例共1案,並協助雙方建立合作協議。 細部計畫0:農糧產業之強化農企業科研成果創新發展計畫 以農科院為中心鏈結,將輔導能量透過派駐經理人傳遞出去,藉以將相關能量傳遞至各所廠商,經四所育成培育之成績優良廠商,可由農科院協助四所廠商後育成服務,提供屏東農業生技園區進駐輔導資訊或服務,完善農業創新育成一條龍服務。強化北中南東各點定期商務駐點諮詢服務,輔導進駐廠商申請政府補助資源與獎項。另持續舉辦農糧產業學習交流會、聯合畢業發表展覽與展售會等實體活動活絡育成廠商交流,擴大農產業界群體交流合作機會,發掘上下游串流契機,並利用活動廣宣協助廠商提升宣傳效益,設置輔導追蹤機制關注培訓/輔導之績效是否持續成長。 加強農企業農糧創新育成資源平台,協助農企業於技術研發、產品生產與品牌行銷,協助廠商塑造企業形象,對內從採購、管理、成本層面提高廠商體質,協助農企業逐步轉型,預期新進駐6家,產學合作與技轉4件以上,促投增資4,000萬元。 細部計畫0:建構符合臺灣農特精品生產及外銷關鍵技術 建構符合全球良好農業規範之外銷萵苣農場關鍵管理技術 計畫目的為協助外銷萵苣生產團體強化外銷競爭力暨申請全球良好農業規範驗證,建構農場管理關鍵技術作為改善依據,以確保符合驗證稽核要求。工作重點在改善外銷萵苣農場環境確保永續經營包含建立灌溉需求預測模式、提升農場中的用水效率;在改善外銷萵苣管理作業確保食品安全則包含強化農產廢棄物再利用、落實病蟲害之綜合管理、生產過程有害微生物管控。預計110年度完成建立病蟲害之綜合管理關鍵技術與生產過程有害微生物管控作業指導。 建構符合全球良好農業規範之外銷芒果供果園之管理模式 本計畫目的是藉由採前處理技術的研究開發,進行試劑或非農藥資材處理,降低貯運期間貯藏病害及延長銷售櫥架壽命,以維持果實到貨品質。並建立外銷關鍵技術及建構客製化管理模式,以穩定供貨並進而拓展其他市場,進而建構符合台灣綠色農產品生產及外銷關鍵技術。 建構符合全球良好農業操作規範之病蟲害監測管理技術及用藥模組 本計畫規劃建置跨國農藥殘留容許量查詢網站平台彙整主要外銷國農產品農藥殘留標準,現行產銷履歷與全球優良農業操作(GLOBAGAP)之規範有不小的落差,因此本計畫擬優先建置外銷水果農產品之優良農業操作用藥模組,使外銷農產品之用藥可同時符合國內外標準並符合相關規範,另優先針對具有內外銷潛力之作物優化及實地導入農產品優良農業操作生產規範。GLOBALG. A. P.要求病蟲害防治應架構在IPM下來執行,包括預防、觀察與監測、干預,本計畫將以「觀察與監測」為核心依害物別及作物別建立關鍵有害生物監測系統及其記錄之文件製備,輔導病蟲害管理人員參考監測資料規劃「預防」與「干預」之病蟲害管理策略, 以建構符合GLOBAL G.A.P. 規範下之IPM 系統。 建構符合全球良好農業規範之外銷紅龍果農場生產關鍵管理技術 紅龍果產量高且批次多,由6月下旬即進入盛產期,直到10月底總產量才逐漸降低,而7、8月為產量高峰期加上高溫、高濕及栽培者無法有效控制產量,常導致果實品質差、果粒小而使得市場價格紊亂。故建立優質紅龍果生產批次調節關鍵管理技術,提高紅龍果果實特級品比率。同時,將GLOBALG.A.P.導入農場管理營運規劃及設計,建立符合全球良好農業作業規範認驗證之示範農場。 農產品集貨場場域採後處理管制點技術規範之建立 1. 配合產銷履歷與GLOBAL G.A.P.規範,在集理貨包裝場內對風險造成危害之處,與GGAP之主要與次要必須進行確認,並提供相關技術輔導及規範,以協助包裝廠進行控技術使用確認及整合。 2. 針對配合之集理貨包裝場進行紅龍果採後量化處理,經前一年之清洗模組進行相關改善與確認,並配合現地進行操作模式與技術配合現地修改,如有機會配合出口實證。主要目標作物為紅龍果,未來目標為依循台灣生產模式進行與GLOBAL G.A.P.接軌之相關農業食品安全技術或設備研發,以及針對GLOBAL G.A.P.發展一套國內紅龍果適用之採收後處理技術規範施行建議要點。 建構符合全球良好農業規範之矮性菜豆生產關鍵技術 矮性菜豆為臺灣具有外銷潛力之蔬菜,極適合大面積栽培及機械採收,但目前仍未建立各品種間最適機械採收期及水份管理等基本資料,本計畫擬複製毛豆機械化生產栽培模式, 建立矮性菜豆機械化生產模式,減少灌溉水量、肥料及人力成本,增加田間作業效率,達到省水減碳及友善環境目的,並輔導外銷矮性菜豆管理示範農場,建構外銷農場永續管理之模組化技術,最終生產符合「臺灣良好農業規範(TGAP)」與「全球良好業規範(Global G.A.P.)」之農產品。 建構符合國際驗證標準木瓜生產關鍵技術套裝應用 本研究的目的為建構符合國際驗證標準木瓜生產關鍵技術,包含 建置木瓜大農場符合GLOBALG.A.P.個體農戶驗證規範的示範果園。 執行木瓜品質採購分級標準,建立有效率而準確的出貨可追溯系統。 研發木瓜農場永續經營之關鍵技術,包含提昇灌溉及施肥效率、病蟲害綜合防治等研究。 鞏固符合全球良好農業規範之外銷鳳梨關鍵管理模式 本研究擬提升鳳梨外銷供果園GAP制度嚴謹度,建立符合國際採用GAP查核點之關鍵技術,現有果園雜草管理操作下,施以除草劑減量及殘株減廢技術,降低鳳梨生產風險。除草劑用量透過減少施用次數及配合肥料施用,達到減量效果,在具備雜草防治效果並控制藥劑與肥料成本考量之下,由減少除草劑用量並添加氮磷鉀肥料,能對闊葉型雜草達到致死作用。鳳梨殘株試驗則以堆積後掩埋之土壤有機質含量及營養元素成份為最高,鳳梨不容易被分解,將持續監測土壤有機質狀況進行比對。 細部計畫0:綠色農業科研成果導入與產業應用 細部計畫1:建構符合全球良好農業規範之外銷香蕉農場及生產關鍵管理技術 1. 建構符合台灣良好農業規範 (TGAP 2020 PLUS)之標準示範香蕉農場 2. 撰寫符合全球良好農業規範 (GLOBALG.A.P.)之香蕉生產標準作業流程指導書 1. 建立1座可通過GLOBALG.A.P.驗證之示範農場,推廣模組化集團栽培觀念,提升台蕉品質。 2. 完成GLOBALG.A.P.驗證蕉園之輔導教材,包含生產流程及相關表單,推廣全球驗證,提升外銷潛力。 3. 開發香蕉綠色生產技術或流程,降低農藥使用5% 細部計畫2:建立採購端農產分級稽核標準以強化通過驗證價值 蒐集與比對家樂福嚴選、 麥當勞GAP(MGAP)、GLOBALG.A.P.5.2版規範之差異。.以全球良好農業規範為依據建構農產品採購分級實施標準藉由通路採購端的要求,強化業者執行良好農業規範意願,進而提高通過良好農業規範驗證的價值。0:Business Operation Consultation of Production and Marketing with Good Agricultural Practices Introduction in Agri-food Industry In order to enhance the competitiveness of agri-food Industrial products with potential exportation, market analysis, agricultural technologies introduction and business model generation will be executed in this project. First, market developed opportunities of agricultural products will be analyzed, and a novel business model between production and marketing channels are going to be established. Four cases of the market analysis report will be completed in the Plan of this year. Second, essential agricultural technologies are suggested to be integrated and introduced by the market demand. Four cases of technology assessment report will be completed in the project. To realize the objectives of agriculture industry globalization and commercialization, novel business model will finally be suggested. Business plan with industrialized and internationalized concepts including market and industry analysis, financial assessment, intellectual property planning, regulation analysis, competitive analysis, etc. will also be developed. This project is going to provide one business plan with internationally developed business models with boosting investments by NT$15 million. 0:Agri-food industry's innovation and development plan for strengthening scientific research results of agricultural enterprises With the Agricultural Technology Research Institue as the center link, connect the four agri-incubations, to promote the cooperation between the incubating companies and the graduated companies. And We will improve the one-stop agricultural innovation cultivation service to strengthen the regular business station consulting services and guide the stationed companies to apply for government subsidy resources. In addition, we will continue to conduct benchmarking enterprise visits and study, merge joint presentations and other physical activities to actively expand agricultural developing countries opportunities, to promote publicity to help agri-companies improve their publicity performance. Set up a counseling tracking mechanism to monitor whether the number for receipt training/counseling continues to grow. Strengthen the agri-food innovation and incubation resource platform for agricultural companies to assist in the process of technology research and development, product production and marketing, introduce green materials, reorganize and reuse technologies, shape the image of the production, and improve the friendly environment in terms of internal procurement, management, and size Awareness and awareness, assisting the gradual transformation of agricultural enterprises, expected to enter 6 new companies, more than 4 industry-university cooperation and technology transfer, and promote investment of 40 million yuan. 0:Establishing the Cole technologies for Producing Taiwan's Feature of Boutique Agricultural Products 1:Establishment of Key Management Techniques for Export Lettuce Farms in Accordance with Global Good Agricultural Practices-noctuid pests and environmental microbial pollution risk management The purpose of this project is to assist export lettuce production farms to strengthen their export competitiveness, apply for certification of Global Good Agricultural Practices (Global G.A.P.), and establish key farm management technologies as a basis for improvement to ensure compliance with audit verification requirements. The main research strategy is to test solutions for several Global G.A.P. requirements that lettuce farms are currently not able to meet. The focus of these trials is to improve the environmental impact and sustainability and to ensure the food safety of export lettuce farms. The environmental impact will be improved with four methods: increasing the efficiency of water use, establishing an irrigation demand forecasting model. To improve food safety, agricultural wastes will be reused more effectively, integrated pest management will be introduced to minimize the use of pesticides and control of harmful microorganisms in the production process. In 2011, we will establish key technologies for integrated pest management, control of harmful microorganisms in the production process, and continue to provide advice to demonstration farms to ensure pass the Global Good Agricultural Practice. 2:Establishment of Management Techniques for Export Mango Farms in Accordance with Global Good Agricultural Practices Mango is one of the important export fruit of Taiwan. The storage, quality and disease occurrence of fruit are the most important factors affecting the supply of export. The purpose of this project is to carry out the research and development of the pretreatment technology, Pesticide materials processing, reduce storage and storage during storage and extended sales shelf life, in order to maintain fruit quality. It also established key technologies for export and built a customized management model to stabilize supply and further expand other markets, and then build key technologies that are consistent with the production and export of green agricultural products in Taiwan. 3:Constructing techniques of pest monitoring and management for Global Good Agricultural Practice Pest control is a necessary measure in the production processes of agricultural crops. GLOBALG. A. P. guideline indicated that pest control must be implemented under IPM system, including prevention, observation and monitoring, intervention. So far, concept and implementing ability in IPM framework and application were insufficiency for the growers and the technically responsible persons. In order to promote of GLOBALG. A. P. certification to advance the industrial upgrades and expand market for export, this project will take CB 6.3 “observation and monitoring” as the core of work. The monitoring system of key pest and document preparation of monitoring records will be established depending on pests and crops. We will guide the technically responsible persons to plan how to do the prevention and intervention in the pest management strategy, and to construct IPM system complying with GLOBALG. A. P. criteria. 4:Construct Management Techniques for Exporting Dragon Fruit Farms in Line with GLOBALG.A.P. The cultivation area of dragon fruit in Taiwan has increased rapidly in recent years. In order to prevent the subsequent cultivation and production of the cultivated area, it is necessary to actively increase the product utilization and develop the export market, so that Taiwan's dragon fruit can be stably sold to the world. The yield of dragon fruit is high and there are many batches. It will enter the prolific period from the end of June until the end of October, and the total output will gradually decrease. In July and August, high temperature and high humidity and the farmers can’t effectively control the yield. It often leads to poor fruit quality and small fruit size, which makes the market price disorder. Therefore, establish management techniques for the production of high-quality dragon fruit production batches. At the same time, the GLOBALG.A.P. will be introduced into the farm management operation planning and design, and a demonstration farm that meets the requirements of the GLOBALG.A.P. will be established. 5:Establishing postharvest handling critical control point manual of agricultural products warehouse. 1. Focusing on harzard control point of export and local sale packing house. Not only present by packing flow chart but decreasing resource loss strategy. 2. Designing large amount washing and disinfecting model and decreasing power loss and storage risk. In the nearly future, these strategies will establish in Taiwan for postharvest handling of dragon fruits . Conducive to the integration of domestic industries with foreign countries, and promote the export of Taiwan's agricultural products 6:Establishment of key technologies for the production of bush beans under GLOBAL G.A.P. Bush bean is a vegetable with potential for export in Taiwan. It is very suitable for large-scale cultivation and mechanical harvesting. However, basic information such as the optimal mechanical harvesting period and water management between various varieties has not been established. The plan is to copy the mechanized production and cultivation of edamame model, establish a mechanized production mode of bush beans, reduce the amount of irrigation water, fertilizer and labor costs, increase the efficiency of field operations, achieve water and carbon reduction and friendly environment, and counsel the export of dwarf bean management demonstration farms, and build a model for sustainable management of export farms. The group technology will eventually produce agricultural products that meet the "Taiwan Good Agricultural Practices (TGAP)" and "Global Good Agricultural Practices (Global G.A.P.)", expanding the domestic and foreign markets and increasing the benefits for farmers. 7:Establishing the green supply-chain and global layout classification model of Taiwan tea The research will establish a green supply-chain for tea, and construct a Taiwan-tea Assortment and Grading system. Combined with the current tea competitions and production labels, the tea that meets international verification standards as the top level tea of this system will lead Taiwan tea enter the international tea market. 8:Establishing the Package Core-Technologies of Production for Papaya in Accordance with Global Good Agricultural Practices This study is focused on establishing the package production core-technologies in papaya in accordance with global good agricultural practices. Include three main topics: Establish a papaya demonstration orchard which meets GLOBALG.A.P. option 1 certification compliance criteria. Set a fruit quality grading standards according to the demands of the purchaser. Study on the key technologies for the sustainable production of papaya farms includes trials in improving irrigation, fertilization efficiency and integrated pest manager. 9:Consolidation of key management model for exporting pineapples in line with global good agricultural practices The quality of pineapples and the safety of environment, farmers, and consumers were highly affected by the use of chemical substances in the processes of the agricultural management, pre-harvest treatment, post-harvest grading and packaging, storage and transportation. For the purpose of maintain recent exporting marker and open up newly export channel, we committed to strengthen the GAP certification system in Taiwan pineapple supply chain. In this research, we intend to improve the stringency of the GAP system of exporting orchard, and establish key technologies that comply with the international GAP CCP (Critical Control Points). Under the weed management operations, herbicide reduction and residual plant waste reduction technologies are applied to reduce the risk of pineapple production. The amount of herbicides can be reduced by reducing multiple replacements and compounding fertilizers. Under the consideration of weed effects and the cost of pesticides and fertilizers, reducing the amount of herbicides and adding nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizers can reduce To achieve lethal effect. In the pineapple residual plant test, the soil organic matter content and nutrient elements in the buried soil were the highest. Pineapples were not easily decomposed, and the status of soil organic matter would be continuously monitored for comparison. For the benefit of producer and consumer, by this technique, the producer can apply appropriate operation through good agricultural practices in the pineapple field. The technique can be used to good quality control of exporting production, the co-operation of farmers and marketing works, and sustainable agriculture spirit building-up. 0:Introducing the Achievement of Green Agricultural Scientific Research for Industrial Application 1:Establishing the Management Core-Technologies of Production for banana and Exporting farm in Accordance with Global Good Agricultural Practices This study is focused on establishing the production core-technologies in exporting banana farm in accordance with global good agricultural practices. Include three main topics: 1. To establish a banana demonstration farm which meets GLOBAL G.A.P. certification compliance criteria. 2. To Write textbooks for GLOBAL G.A.P. education and extension, in addition, a traceability system for banana growth process will be set via blockchain. 3. Development of IPM techonologies for banana growth to reduce pesticides using to 5 %. 2:Purchasing agricultural products classification audit standards to strengthen the value of passing verification Collect and compare the differences between Carrefour's strict selection, McDonald's GAP (MGAP), and GLOBALG.A.P. 5.2 control points. Based on the global good agricultural practices, constructing the implementation standards of agricultural product procurement classifications. Through the requirements of the channel procurement end, strengthen the willingness of the industry to implement the good agricultural practices, thereby increasing the value of passing the good agricultural practices cerification.
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