農工跨域與創新服務

字體大小:A- A A+

單位商業會員附件下載:
計畫名稱: 農工跨域與創新服務
計畫主持人: 黃明雅
共同計畫主持人: 邱喬嵩;吳信茂;吳昭慧;黃文祿;林儒宏;黃涵靈;林毓雯;郭芷君;陳國憲;楊美珠;邱銀珍;何嘉萍;潘光月;楊小瑩;李士畦;許淳淇;林育聖
計畫編號: 109農科-11.1.4-子-a1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會科技處研究發展科
全程計畫年: 2020
關鍵字: 農工合作;整合示範場域;小葉菜;大蒜;農業機械;土壤肥力檢測套組;落花生;茶功能性成分;大豆;AgriculturalI;IDemonstration field;Leafy vegetable;Onion;Agricultural machinery;Soil testing kit;Peanut;Tea functional ingredients;Soybean
摘要: (1)農工合作開放創新計畫(1)資訊整合智慧運籌平臺(含人工智慧系統-學研合作推動) 本計畫目標藉由工業領域成熟研發能量搭配學研跨領域人才,進行農業領域之需求服務。本計畫將推動整合農業試驗單位累積之數據與domain knowledge,擴大農業數據積累範疇,目標建立農工開放創新平臺(Agriculture-Industry Open Innovation System Platform, AI-OISP)之整合研發架構,並加速推動農業AI化,透過農工開放創新平臺(AI-OISP)之核心運作機制,整合農工雙方可合作之「研究資訊」、「產業資訊」、「政策資訊」及「數位資訊」,帶動學研跨團隊、跨部會之合作,強化前瞻學術研究與產業實務應用之連結,並達成跨域人才之培訓目標,整體協助跨部會計畫資源管理與智財成果分配機制建立,並彙整農工跨領域技術發展趨勢與目標,協助媒合產業未來需求與促進智慧農業之農工跨領域研發與產業擴散應用,並有三項主軸平臺式服務協助整體綱要計畫資訊整合與農業試驗單位需求開發。(2)生技素材與功效之雙向式預測及驗證篩選平臺 生技素材與功效之雙向式預測及驗證篩選平臺:透過該生技創新平臺加速臺灣畜產業的發展。藉由動物模式的篩選預試驗,落實場域驗證,預估可減少50%的研發成本,並縮短保健飼料添加劑產品開發時程,從而達到擴大生技應用與降低研發成本的產業目標。(3)土壤營養檢測套組與關鍵差異化成份分析平臺 建立本土化土壤肥力檢測套組與植體機能成分解構分析平臺,搭配高效能低干擾提取技術整合與高階整合化性解構技術和配方調配技術,開發本土化土壤肥力呈色試劑,研發高效率提取液、高感度呈色劑與創新的呈色設計套組,即時獲取土壤中氮、磷、鉀肥力指標,穩定農業與作物品質。同時藉由解構分析技術平臺服務,針對臺灣本土特色茶葉開發不同發酵製程關鍵差異化成份之分析技術平臺,搭配茶業改良場茶葉烘培發酵技術,增加本土烏龍茶應用與加值化。(2)農業機械盤點、媒合及推廣 我國正面臨農村人口老化及產業缺工問題,本計畫擬針對農業缺工,以及因應國內外農業機械發展趨勢,建立農業機械之農工研發媒合機制,期協助國內業者開發符合市場所需之產品。109年度首先將針對田間、溫室及初級農產加工等作業所需,且具市場性與急迫性需求之農業機械,檢視機械設備開發過程所需之相關技術、模組或研發成果,找出關鍵技術缺口,並且透過產業交流之形式,進行關鍵技術媒合及產業應用推廣之工作。其次,蒐集國內作物於種植、收穫、存放、收穫後處理等各階段作業所需之商品化農機設備種類及相關資料,以提供農機設備數位資料庫建置使用,作為產業進行數位轉型之基礎。 &zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;109年度計畫預期成果如下:(1)完成4項農機設備之技術需求盤點及SWOT分析報告1份。(2)完成4項農機設備開發策略及推動作法建議報告書1份。(3)蒐集2種作物之種植/收穫/存放/收穫後處理等作業用商品化農機設備資料。(4)完成辦理座談會、交流分享會合計1場次。(5)推動跨域合作開發新型農機合計2案。(3)智能化土壤肥力檢測套組功能測試與肥力診斷標準建立 土壤分析是了解土壤肥力狀態的重要工具,透過土壤施肥報告的推薦依據土壤與作物需求施用肥料,除可保持良好的產量並可避免過量施肥造成土壤劣化或減產。每年各區改良場或農業試驗所均提供農民免費之土壤分析,受限於服務能量,大多針對每一農地每年一次服務,提供農民了解每年土壤的肥力狀態,做為每年的施肥參考。雖然市場上有商業化的土壤肥力檢測組可供農民使用,然檢測組並未與國內方進行比較,並且末端售價不低,因此使用的情形有限。本合作計畫由農業試驗所與工業技術研究院共同組成團隊,收集、比較不同土壤萃取與呈色方法,研擬適合我國農民使用的方法與模組,收集不同性質之土壤樣本,比較土壤檢測組與實驗室分析結果,開發適合國內使用之土壤肥力檢測組。(4)作物機械化示範場域(小葉菜) 小葉菜移植、栽培及收穫以往由人工移植,相當耗費人力,阻礙了小葉菜的規模化生產及風災後的快速復耕。而農委會所屬試驗改良場所具有多項小葉菜工作機械研發成果,為推廣各項小葉菜機械研發成果及促使各項小葉菜機械落實產業化以節省人力需求,擬建置小葉菜機械化示範場域以促進小葉菜機械推廣及普及。本計畫擬建置小葉菜機械化示範場域,推廣小葉菜機械化生產研發成果,促使小葉菜工作及生產機械化普及,以促進小葉菜快速生產增加生產效率及促進產業發產,並穩定我國市場小葉菜供給量,維護我國糧食自給安全。(5)大豆機械化示範場域 國內通用型機械可利用於大豆機械化大致配合程度高,將進行大豆機械化場域示範 ,召開觀摩會引導農民朝向機械化經營,以降低生產成本。並建立不同產業規模適 當採後調製機械之效益,以協助小農機械化生產。藉由圖卡進行播種至採收調製一 系列機械化解說,讓契作主體、產銷班、農會、豆農了解目前大豆機械化可以配合 的程度。無人機、噴藥車及中耕除草管理機田間實際操作示範,了解各項機具應用 效能,以選擇適合田區大小之機具,達到事半功倍效果。採後處理調製機具操作示 範及說明,讓不同產業規模農戶了解用機具。(6)落花生機械化示範場域設置 採收後鮮莢果乾燥作業是臺灣落花生農業生產最重要課題之一,目前市面上最常見的為靜置式之箱型乾燥機(Ventilating Dryer),但由操作作業不便利且仍需要許多人力操作,因此目前農民接受度仍然不高。另早期也有投入循環式乾燥模式開發,但由於花生莢果之流動性較差問題,一直未能成功。直到2018年受惠於專業業者有效改善此問題,成功開發出落花生循環式乾燥機,日後是否能順地推廣,仍有待持續進行實作測試。本計畫主要在雲林地區設置落花生乾燥示範場域,整合及建立適合落花生之乾燥模式。(7)作物機械化示範場域(鳳梨) &zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;&zwsp;本計畫係為辦理鳳梨產業作業機械化示範觀摩會,其目的如下:(1)了解鳳梨產業機械化所需機械及機械化之缺口。(2)籍以此示範觀摩會了解鳳梨農對產業機械化之需求。(3)提高鳳梨農對鳳梨產業機械化之專業知識,了解產業機械化之重業性,並增加信心。(4)鳳梨產業機械化促進活絡國內農業機械生產公司之生產意願及經濟。(5)鳳梨產業機械化提高作業效率,降低生產成本,並提高市場競爭力,進而增加農民收益。(6)解決農村勞動力不足及老年化之問題。(7)提振青壯年從農意願。(8)以智能化機能成分解構平台探討茶葉指標成分代謝機制(1)利用製茶條件提升茶葉植體機能成分高效萃取與資料庫建立。(2)茶葉為臺灣特色產品,茶葉發酵與茶葉進行化學機轉的過程,國際文獻與產品應用端普及於保健食品均為為小分子。(3)茶多醣為下世代機能性成分,其萃取、純化與結構技術為國際發展趨勢與需求。(4)植體機能成分分析技術平台可協助產業開發機能關鍵成分與快速品質分析技術,加速本土素材產品加值化。 大蒜收穫機修改試驗與新機型研製 應用已完成之自走式大蒜收穫機,進行商品機型改造,並達收穫各項功能之總體檢驗與試驗,舉辦示範觀摩會,推廣給大蒜農民應用。開發與完成自走式之本土化大蒜收穫專用機,此機必具有切根及切莖完整之功能,解決農村人力老化及不足現象,降低生產成本,增加農民收益及提高年輕人下鄉經營意願,永續發展大蒜產業與觀光。 大蒜挖掘式收穫機械試驗改良 國內大蒜種植面積約4,500公頃,主要產區為雲林、彰化縣、台南市等地,其中又以雲林為大宗。現今大蒜生產體系種植、採收幾乎以人工為主,面對農村人力老化、雇工困難等缺工問題,亦產生延誤採收適期而影響品質的問題,影響農民收益。目前大蒜相關機械國內外皆有所研發,惟各國大蒜種植機械為符合他國種植現況所開發,且國內大蒜種植規格多樣化,相關機械應用皆有所限制。藉由機械播種並搭配有效、高適應性、具經濟效益之挖掘式機械收穫,以解決缺工問題,增進農民收益。(1)Agriculture-Industry Collaborativ Innovation(1)Information Integration and Intelligent Operation Platform The objective of this project is to provide services in the agricultural field through the mature R&D power in the industrial field and the interdisciplinary talent with academic and research institutions. The project will promote the integration of data and domain knowledge accumulated by agricultural test units to expand the scope of agricultural data accumulation, which aims to establish an integrated research and development framework for the Agriculture-Industry Open Innovation System Platform (AI-OISP). Furthermore, taking advantage of the AI-OISP to accelerate the promotion of agriculture artificial intelligence (Agro-AI), and through its core operating mechanism to integrate the cooperative "Research Information", "Industry Information", "Policy Information" and "Digital Information" between the agricultural and the industrial workers. Hoping to strengthen the connection between forward-looking academic research and industrial practice, to achieve cross-domain talent training, resource management, intellectual property achievement mechanism, and to integrate the development trend of agricultural and industrial cross-domain technologies. Which assisting the needs of the media industry and promoting cross-disciplinary R&D and industrial diffusion applications of smart agriculture, and there are three spindle platform-based services to assist in the integration of the overall outline plan information and the development of agricultural test units.(2)Bidirectional prediction and verification screening platform for biomaterials and efficacy requirements Bidirectional prediction and verification screening platform for biotech materials and efficacy: This biotechnology innovation platform was applied to accelerate the development of Taiwan's livestock industry. Through the screening, pre-testing of animal models and the implementation of field verification, it is estimated that the research and development costs can be reduced by 50%, and the development time of health feed additive products is shortened, thereby achieving the industrial goals of expanding biotechnology applications and reducing research and development costs.(3)Soil nutrition testing kits and key differentiating components analysis platform Materialized Analyses Platform Service; Plan to establish a local soil nutrition testing kit and implant function into a decomposition analysis platform, with high-performance low-interference extraction technology integration and high-level integrated chemical deconstruction technology and formula blending technology to develop local soil fertility reagents, high-efficiency extracts, matrix interference elimination pre-treatment trays and high-sensitivity coloring agent, instantly understand soil fertility indicators and stabilize agricultural production and crop quality. By simultaneously deconstruct technology platform services, the analytical technology platform for developing key differentiating components of different fermentation processes for Taiwanese specialty tea, collocating tea roast fermentation technology of the Taiwan Tea Research and Extension Station(TRES), will increase the application and value-added of local oolong tea.(2)Agricultural machinery survey, matching and promotion. Taiwan is facing problems of both aging rural population and labor shortage. This project is to address the lack of labor in agriculture and to respond to the development trend of Taiwan and oversea agricultural machines. It is therefore to establish an R & D cooperation mechanism for agricultural machines with a view to assisting domestic developers to develop market demand products. In the year of 109, we will first review the relevant technologies, modules, and R & D results of the agricultural machines development that meets market and urgent needs in field, greenhouse, and primary agricultural processing operations. Figuring out technology gaps and through industrial exchanges, work on key technology matching and agricultural application promotion. Secondly, it collects commercial agricultural equipments and related data needed for crops in various stages of planting, harvesting, storage, and post-harvest operations to provide a digital database of agricultural machinery for using as a basis of digital transformation of the industry. The project will have following results in the year of 109:(1)Completing four technical requirement surveys of agricultural machinery and writing one report of SWOT analysis.(2)Completing four agricultural equipment development strategies and one report of promotion recommendations.(3)Collecting data on commercial agricultural equipment for planting / harvest / storage / post-harvest processing of two kinds of crops.(4)Completing a sessions of seminar and exchange sharing.(5)Promoting 1 cases of cross-domain cooperation to develop labor-saving agricultural machinery.(3)Assessment of the performance of soil testing kits developed domestically and establishment of the fertility diagnostic standards Soil test is an important tool to investigate the soil fertility status. The soil test results could be supplied as reference for field management and fertilizer application to avoid insufficient of over application of fertilizer. In Taiwan, the soil test has been service in free charge by the agricultural research and extension station or agricultural research institute. Due to the limitation capacity of the service system, the soil test has been supplied for one time in one year for each farmland. Some commercial sol test kit were used by farmers, the price is high and lack of comparison with soil test kit and laboratory method. The cooperation project held by Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute and Industrial Technology Research Institute is aim at developing the local soil test kit in Taiwan. The commercial soil test kits will be collected. Different method of extraction, colorimetric will be collected and compared to determine the appropriate method in Taiwan. The soil samples will be collected and analyzed in the laboratory as the sample for method comparison.(4)Demonstration Field of Mechanized Crop Cultivation (Leaf Vegetable) Transplanting, cultivating and harvesting small leafy vegetables by manual cost lots of manpower. There are many working machines of small leafy vegetable which developed by C.O.A. and University in Taiwan. In order to promote the various small leafy vegetable research and development achievements and promote the industrialization of small leafy vegetable machinery to save manpower requirements. This project proposes to set up a small leafy vegetable mechanization demonstration field, promote the research and development of small leaf vegetable mechanization production. In order to promote the rapid production of small leaf vegetable, increase production efficiency and promote industrial production, and stabilize the market of small leafy vegetable in Taiwan.(5)Mechanization demonstration field of soybean Domestic general-purpose machinery can be used in soybean production.The soybean production demonstration will be carried out, and the observation meeting will be held to guide the farmers towards mechanized operation to reduce production costs. And establish appropriate machinery for different industries. The card is used to explain the machinery from sowing to harvesting. Let farmers understand about the machinery available for soybean production. Demonstration of the actual operation of drones, spray vehicles and cultivating and weeding management machines in the field, to understand the application performance of various tools, in order to select the equipment suitable for the size of the field. Demonstration and explanation of post-harvest handling equipment, so that farmers of different industries can understand the applicable equipment.(6)Demonstration place establish for peanut mechanization Drying after harvesting is one of the important issue of peanut production in Taiwan. There are 2 dryer modes in Taiwan. Ventilating dryer, is the most common type of peanut dryer in Taiwan. It not accepted for most farmers because the drying processing is still need a lot of labor to work. In early stage, the circulating drying modes were also to be development. But it had not been successful to establish because poor fluidity of peanut pods. Until 2018, a circulating peanut dryer has been to establish by professional workers witch can to improve that problem. Whether it may can to be promoted in the future, but it is still necessary to continue to do some tests for implementation. In this year, the project will establish demonstration place in Yunlin for peanut mechanization, it will focus on integrating and improve the drying modes suitable for peanut.(7)Demonstration Field of Crop Mechanization (Pineapple) This project is for the demonstration and demonstration of mechanization of pineapple industry operations, and its purposes are as follows:(1)Understand the mechanization and mechanization gaps of the pineapple industry.(2)Use this demonstration to understand the needs of pineapple farmers for industrial mechanization.(3)Improve pineapple farmers' expertise in the mechanization of the pineapple industry, understand the importance of industrial mechanization, and increase confidence.(4)The pineapple industry mechanization promotes the production willingness and economy of domestic agricultural machinery production companies.(5)The mechanization of the pineapple industry improves operating efficiency, reduces production costs, and improves market competitiveness, thereby increasing farmers' income.(6)Solve the problem of insufficient rural labor and aging.(7)Promote the willingness of young and middle-aged people to work in agriculture.(8)Exploring the Metabolic Mechanism of Tea Index Components by Using Intelligent Deconstruction Platform(1)Efficient extraction and database establishment of tea planting functional ingredients were improved by using tea-making conditions.(2)Taiwan specialty products tea, tea and tea leaves are fermented chemical process machine turn, the international literature and product application side are popular in health food into small molecules.(3)Tea polysaccharide is the next generation functional component, and its extraction, purification and structural technology are international development trends and needs.(4)The body function component analysis technology platform can be widely applied to various vehicles, assisting the industry to develop functional key components and rapid quality analysis technology, and accelerating the addition of local material products.
資源連結: 前往查看