菇類環保節能生產體系之研發─作物修剪枝葉替代太空包鋸木屑介質之杏鮑菇栽培模式之研究

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計畫名稱: 作物修剪枝葉替代太空包鋸木屑介質之杏鮑菇栽培模式之研究;Cultivation of King Oyster (Pleurotus eryngii) Mushroom Used Alternative Substrate with Several Lignocellulose Rich Waste Materials
計畫主持人: 林慧玲
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 102農科-6.2.1-科-a5(3)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 中興大學園藝學系(所)
全程計畫年: 2013
關鍵字: 印度棗;鋸木屑;園藝作物殘質;杏鮑菇;蓮霧;India Jujube;Sawdust;Lignocellulose-rich Waste Materials;King Oyster Mushroom;Waxapple
摘要: 杏鮑菇為近年受歡迎鮮食菇類,目前在台灣大多以太空包栽培,且栽培技術已經進行一貫化之分工作業。木屑是太空包栽培時重要的木質素來源,而木屑多仰賴進口,因此,未來木屑之供應可能限制太空包栽培,因此須研發替代木屑之栽培介質。台灣有許多富含木質素的農業廢棄物,包含許多果樹強剪後的枝條如蓮霧及印度棗等,本計畫擬探討這些農業廢棄物是否可做為太空包內木質素之來源,以替代鋸木屑之可行性,以做為未來進口短缺鋸木屑之因應策略。目前已篩選出40種具替代鋸木屑之農業廢棄殘質替代比例25-50%,其中印度棗及連蓮霧等修剪廢棄枝葉取得容易且可促進在小型容器內菌絲及子實體生長但仍需進一步評估大量栽培模式之可行性。以達廢棄物再利用及節能減碳之菇類栽培模式。The king oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii) is a popular and important mushroom among the species industrially cultivated and high values on the international market. . Wood dust is major lignin source in PE bag medium, but it’s source would be reduce in the future. There are lignocelluloses-rich wastes are unused in Taiwan. Most of studies about mushroom have been directed towards finding alternative substrates, and they include: sawdust from different tree, species.The aim of the present study is that evaluate some abundant lignocellosic such as , india jujube,and waxapple wastes in Taiwan for king oyster cultivation and increased the quality and save energy and cost culture model.
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