研發果園省工、低成本輔助機械

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計畫名稱: 研發果園省工、低成本輔助機械
計畫主持人: 謝鴻業
共同計畫主持人: 李健;黃政龍;潘光月;林建志;楊智凱
計畫編號: 108農科-7.3.3-子-C1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會農業試驗所鳳山熱帶園藝試驗分所
全程計畫年: 2019
關鍵字: 農機;番荔枝;平地果園;運搬機;粉介殼蟲;清除機械;鳳梨釋迦;果園;測定基準;省工;高空作業;機器;性能測定;搬運;Agricultural Machinery;sugar apple;plain orchard;Carrier;mealybugs;clean machine;atemoya;Orchard;Test standard;labor saving;aerial work;Machine;Performance Test;transport
摘要: 新型農機研究與性能測定 本計畫為執行新型國產農機性能測定、研訂農機測定方法及暫行基 準與出版測定報告以供查閱,提供農民購置新型農機之參考,進而提昇國產農機之 作業性能、安全性、產品品質與競爭力,並可提供農委會在推行國產農機政策上之 參考依據。 平地果園高空作業車省工應用研究 研究評估機器操作參數(如移動升降速度等)及作業環境(如坡度、土質及 風速等)對重心穩定度的影響,以及機械操作之最大安全限度。研究高空作業平台應用於果樹採收作業時,規劃設計最佳化輔助採收作業流程。應用高空作業機械,可供國內農研單位及農機廠商了解此領域技術特徵,將來可進一步針對東南亞果樹產業自主研發更合適機型,配合農機商品南向政策推動。利用高空作業機改善平地果園之田間管理作業流程及省工化栽培模式之建立。搭配高空作業機使用之採後輸送及作業之研發及應用。 應用於高屏地區果園及園產品之省工機械研發 熱帶果樹為高屏地區重要之農業產業。惟種植熱帶果樹不論是在田間或採收後處理 常需要相當多的人力。為提高果園田間工作及採收後處理之機械化程度,本計畫擬 研發研發果園作業輔助運搬機械雛型機1種,以減輕果園工作人力負擔,協助果樹產 業發展。 鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲清除機械及果園電動搬運車試驗研究 本計畫主要針對臺東地區特色作物番荔枝,開發適用於番荔枝栽培環境之電動履帶搬運,機械或特殊具有低重心高越野能力之電動搬運車,減少人力搬運成本及果品機械搬運損傷,並運用電動搬運車之底盤,開發具割草功能之機械。開發線上型鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲清除機械,以一貫化、自動化作業方式,清除果實殘留之粉介殼蟲,提高作業效率,降低人力需求,減少外銷鳳梨釋迦粉介殼蟲之檢出,提昇鳯梨釋迦品質及國際競爭力,以擴大鳳梨釋迦產業及增加收益。A Study on New Agricultural Machinery and Performance The project  is to inspect and test both the local made and the imported agricultural machineries and equipments to check if they meet the national standards or other provisional standards. Loans or subsidies will be offered for the machines met the standards. This will also promote the quality and skills of the local agricultural machinery manufacturers. Study on the Labor Saving in Applying the Elevating Platform for the Aerial Works on Plain Orchard The goal of this project is to apply the mobile elevating platform to the aerial works on plain orchard. The labor saving and safety improvement will be studied, and the optimal operation mode on harvesting and pesticide spraying will also be searched. Research and Development of Agricultural Machines Applied in Orchards and Horticultural Products in Kaohsiung and Pingtung Tropical fruit industry is an important agricultural industry in Kaohsiung and Pingtung. However, the cultivation of tropical fruit often requires a lot of manpower, whether in the field or after harvesting. In order to increase the degree of mechanization of the orchard's work, this project intends to develop a carrier machine which uses in orchard to help reduce the manpower burden of the orchard and assist the development of fruit growing industry. The study of mealybugs clean machine for atemoya and electric transport machine for orchard This study will improve the machine function for sugar apple in Taitung. To develop the electric fruit moving machine for sugar apple cultivation environment to reduce the transport costs and mechanical damage. And use electric vehicle chassis to develop mower. To design the line type mealybugs cleaning machine for atemoya, it will be more consistent, automated operation mode, clear the mealybugs powerfully, more efficiency but less labor. We hope it can work conveniently and solve the mealybugs quarantine issue.
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