熱帶果樹研究團隊—高雄區果樹品種改良

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計畫名稱: 熱帶果樹研究團隊---高雄區果樹品種改良
計畫主持人: 李雪如
共同計畫主持人: 邱祝櫻;陳思如;朱堉君;王仁晃;何孟勳;江筱慧
計畫編號: 103農科-9.2.3-高-K1
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會高雄區農業改良場作物改良課
全程計畫年: 2014
關鍵字: 番木瓜;檬果;印度棗;番石榴;蓮霧;育種;Papaya;Mango;Indian jujube;Guava;Wax-apple;Breeding
摘要: 利用育種方法,選育品質佳或適合外銷需求之蓮霧、芒果、棗、番石榴、木瓜等品種推廣種植或改進栽培方法,提高品質及產量,有利提高農友收益。為選育優良品種,本試驗乃以人工及天然雜交工作。所獲得之雜交種子則培育成實生苗,進行2年觀察試驗。選得之果實大、可溶性固形物高、櫥架壽命長等之優良品系,則選供品系比較試驗之用。入選之優良品系則進一步於各主產區進行區域試驗。根據區域試驗之結果,選得之優良品系將供命名及推廣用。Selection of better quality or suitable traits for exportation purposes in wax apple, mango, Indian jujube, guava and papaya through breeding for planting, or cultural practice improvement in increasing the quality and yield will be beneficial for increasing the  farmers  income.  For breeding and selection of superior varieties, the artificial and natural crosses will be applied in this experiment. Hybrid seeds obtained from different cross combinations will be propagated as seedlings for the two-year observations. Lines with large fruit size, high total soluble solid content, and long fruit shell life etc. will be selected as materials for line test. Superior lines selected from line test will be further tested by regional yield trial at major production  sites. From the results of regional yield trials, the selected lines with good performance will be registered as new cultivar and then for extension.
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