熱帶果樹研究團隊—台灣外銷水果運輸儲運環境對品質影響之研究

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計畫名稱: 熱帶果樹研究團隊---台灣外銷水果運輸儲運環境對品質影響之研究
計畫主持人: 楊智凱
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 99農科-4.2.2-農-C4(4)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 農委會農業試驗所農業工程組
全程計畫年: 2010
關鍵字: 水果;品質;運輸;Fruit;Quality;Transportation
摘要: 農產品(水果)自產地收穫後到達消費者手中,要經過一連串的運銷通路,稱之價值鏈(value chain)。價值鏈中每一停留點或路徑,皆會因為物理、化學或時間因素使水果的品質發生變化,影響農產品儲架壽命與最終售價。年度重要工作項目有: 一、基本運輸儲運環境資料蒐集:以儀器蒐集蓮霧、芒果、鳳梨等外銷水果儲運環境溫溼度與運輸振動之物理條件,並調查目前常用的包裝材料與裝箱型式。 二、建立運輸過程模擬試驗之檢測模式:藉由電磁式振動模擬測試平台並配合複合式環境試驗機,以前項匯集所得的參數條件進行振動模擬預備試驗,建立標準化之檢測模式與流程。 三、規劃儲運模擬試驗設計:應用前項標準化運輸模擬檢測模式,規劃設定外部條件(運輸工具、溫溼度、時間等),以現行包裝模式與保鮮技術為模擬處理條件,試驗後進行果品品質調查,探討水果於儲架期間品質的變化情形。 本計畫預期針對現行外銷水果(蓮霧、芒果、鳳梨等)包裝模式與材質選用,以及配合採後處理保鮮技術研究試驗與儲運環境調控模式進行模擬測試,以評估其儲運後延長儲架壽命之效果。期將研發成果導入相關儲運實務,提供外銷水果產業應用。 When the farm product (fruits) gathered from its place and sent to consumers, a series of transportation is needed, called the value chain. Every handling or trip would cause changes of the quality of farm product. Due to the change, the physical, chemical or time factor and the storage will change the final price. The main subjects of this project: 1. The collection of the basic situation of transportation and storage: to use the precision instrument to collect the environmental condition and the physical factor of wax apple, mango, pineapple and other exported fruits. 2. To construct the model of testing transportation process: by the electronic vibration equipment with standardized control pattern. 3. To scheme the experimental test to simulate actual transportation and storage stage: to apply the former standardized transportation control pattern as the external factor (the transportation condition, temperature, humidity and duration) to investigate the quality of tested fruits and find the quality changing during and after transportation. This project will be expected to assess the proper packaging pattern and material by fruit quality evaluation. The final objective is to offer the application of the related experience for the exported fruit trading.
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