利用簡易網室栽培以改進番石榴果實品質之研究

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計畫名稱: 利用簡易網室栽培以改進番石榴果實品質之研究
計畫主持人: 張林仁
共同計畫主持人:
計畫編號: 101農科-9.2.2-中-D1(6)
計畫主管機構: 行政院農業委員會
計畫執行機構: 行政院農業委員會臺中區農業改良場作物改良課
全程計畫年: 2012
關鍵字: 品質;網室;番石榴;Quality;Net-house;Guava
摘要: 中部地區番石榴栽培面積約有1500公頃,一般果農均未塑造適當的樹型,因此樹勢不均一,以致植株生產力及果實品質不易提昇。本年度測試以簡易防蟲網室栽培方式生產番石榴,觀察與一般套袋果實之生長發育及品質上之差異。並進行不同程度留果摘心處理,觀察對番石榴果實生長與品質之影響。預期效益為,以適合之修剪摘心及留果方式與有機肥等耕作處理方法,尋求適當管理技術以提高番石榴之生產力及果實品質。建立番石榴栽培管理技術標準化作業流程,可降低生產成本,生產優質安全的果品,提昇產業之發展與市場競爭力,並拓展國內外市場。The planted acreage of guava in Taichung district area was 1500ha. The farmers usually did not train a good tree shape for production, consequently the tree vigor is uneven and the fruit quality is not easy to improve. In this year, the orchard environment is to be improved by the application of organic materials, the improvement of the orchard soil and guava fruit quality will be discussed. A net house is constructed to cover the guava tree during fruit production period, the fruit growth and quality will be observed. The investigation on the guava fruit growth and quality after different leaf/fruit ratio treatment will also conducted. The proper technique can be used to enhance the productivity and fruit quality of guava. The establishment of the high quality and safety production system for guava can build up a complete system of cultural management and production technique standard. The production cost can be lower down and produce high quality guava fruits, the marketing competitiveness is enhanced too.
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